Tuesday, September 30, 2014

Mesopotamia: Hammurabi and Hammurabi's Code


 Today's Focus Question  Who was Hammurabi and what was the significance of Hammurabi's Code? 



Who was Hammurabi?  According to your textbook, Hammurabi "became king of the city of Babylon around 1792 B.C. For more than 30 years, he built up his army. Then he launched a series of all-out attacks against his rivals. Within a few years he had united Sumer and northern Mesopotamia into a new Babylonian Empire." 

To learn more about Hammurabi, watch the brief video below. 


Hammurabi's Code  Why was Hammurabi's law code so historically significant? To begin to understand, watch the video below. 


Next, visit the interactive online exhibit at the University of Chicago here to learn some more background about the laws of Hammurabi.    

Hammurabi's Code Activity  Now you will have an opportunity to examine Hammurabi's code of laws in detail at the website here. You will explore real situations that Hammurabi actually faced. You will then decide what you think to be a fair way to deal with the problem. Finally, you will discover what Hammurabi declared. You will use the document You Be the Judge: Hammurabi's Code, which can be found in your Social Studies folders, to take notes.

   
Homework  Complete the You Be the Judge: Hammurabi's Code assignment. Due: Friday, October 3.  

Monday, September 29, 2014

Mesopotamia: The First Empires

Sargon the Great was the first ruler to unite the city-states of Sumer into one empire.

 Today's Focus Question  What is an empire and how did they first develop? 


The First Empires: Guided Reading  Today we will learn how strong rulers finally conquered Mesopotamia's independent city-states to create the world's first empires. We will read the excerpts from our textbook below.  




Concept Map: Empire  In order to better understand what an empire is we will make a concept map today. You can find your Empire - Concept Map in your Social Studies folders. We will also watch the video below to learn some examples from history of empires.     


Homework  Complete your Empire - Concept Map. Due: Friday, October 3.  


Friday, September 26, 2014

The Development of Writing

 Section Focus Question  How did writing develop? 


Warm Up Task  What role does reading and writing play in your daily lives? Please visit Padlet today (Period 4 and Period 6) and list some of the ways that you use reading and writing each day from the moment you wake up to the moment you go to bed. 

As we reflect on how important reading and writing is as part of our everyday lives, its hard to imagine a time without writing. Have you ever wondered where writing first came from, how it developed, and how it changed over time? Answering these questions will be the focus of our lesson today.  

Mini Tech Lesson: How to Edit a PDF within Google Drive  Today we will be using a PDF document as part of our lesson. Traditionally, PDF documents have only been viewable (not editable). However, today Emily, our resident technology guru, is going to show you how to edit and write on PDF's and then upload them back onto your Google Drive. This will be important skill to have moving forward this year. You can find Emily's lesson here.  

The Development of Writing: Guided Reading and Notetaking  Today we will be reading an excerpt from our textbook on the 'Development of Writing'. The document 'The Development of Writing - Reading' has been placed in your Social Studies folders, but can also be found here. As we read, we will be using the PDF 'The Development of Writing - Study Guide,' which has also been placed in your folders. However, before we are able to write on the PDF we will need to follow the steps that Emily outlined above. Please listen carefully as I guide you through the process one more time.  

Homework  Complete the The Development of Writing - Study Guide. Due: next Friday, October 3.  

Thursday, September 25, 2014

Academic Study Hall


Academic Study Hall  In school or college, a study period or "study hall" is a period in which a student may undertake self-directed learning activities, rather than having lessons being taught by a teacher (Source: Wikipedia). Today you have the opportunity to use this period to further your academic success in the best way you see fit. I would strongly suggest using part of this time to completing some of the Social Studies assignment from the past week (which are due tomorrow). Specific suggestions about assignments or activities you may want to work on can be found below:  

  1. EdPuzzle: Mesopotamia: From Nomads to Farmers
  2. The Fertile Crescent: Main Idea and Details
  3. Facts About Sumerian Society
  4. The Civilization of Sumer - Cognitive Content Dictionary
  5. Silent Reading and Accelerated Reader Testing
  6. Assignments that are due soon for other classes (especially Language Arts)
  7. Assignments in the Gradebook that are missing or incomplete 
  8. Online Mesopotamia Exploration

Homework Tomorrow is Friday! We have several assignments from the past week that need to be completed and "turned in" tomorrow Friday, September 26, including: EdPuzzle: Mesopotamia: From Nomads to FarmersThe Fertile Crescent: Main Idea and DetailsFacts About Sumerian Society, and The Civilization of Sumer - Cognitive Content Dictionary.

Wednesday, September 24, 2014

Mesopotamia: The Legend of Gilgamesh


Background on the Story of Gilgamesh  "The story of the god-man Gilgamesh is one of the oldest stories in the world; it was inscribed onto clay tablets over 5,000 years ago in Mesopotamia. There are many versions of the story but the first people who told it were called Sumerians and Gilgamesh was once their king. The people who lived in Mesopotamia discovered many things: irrigation, the wheel, the first codes of law, the 60-minute hour, and most important, writing. Without writing the epic of Gilgamesh would certainly have been lost. The Sumerians, and later other Mesopotamians such as the Akkadians, Babylonians, and Assyrians, wrote the story in cuneiform, the first script in the world." - Ludmila Zeman, Gilgamesh the King 

Read-Aloud: Gilgamesh the King  Today we will be reading together the story Gilgamesh the King, retold and illustrated by Ludmila Zeman. Some consider Gilgamesh to be the world's first literary superhero. As we read, see if you can find any connections or parallels between Gilgamesh and other superheroes you are familiar with.  

The British Museum Website: "Gilgamesh and the Cedar Forest"  Want to explore another tale of Gilgamesh and his adventures? Check out the interactive story of "Gilgamesh and the Cedar Forest" at the British Museum's website here.  

Tuesday, September 23, 2014

Mesopotamia: The Civilization of Sumer (Day 2)


The Civilization of Sumer: Vocabulary Study  Today we are going to be studying the key vocabulary related to the 'Civilization of Sumer,' using the Cognitive Content Dictionary of the same name in your Social Studies folders. If need be, you can also find a link to the assignmenhere. We will be using an excerpt from our Social Studies textbook, which has been placed in your Social Studies folders (and which you can also find here), to help us understand the lesson's key words and concepts.

Video: "Mesopotamia: Crash Course World History"  Watch below as John Green and the Crash Course team explain the big ideas related to the civilization in Mesopotamia.   


Homework  Complete your 'Civilization of Sumer - Cognitive Content Dictionary'. Due: Friday, September 26.  

Monday, September 22, 2014

Mesopotamia: The Civilization of Sumer


The Civilization of Sumer: Guided Reading  Today we will continue to learn about the early Mesopotamian civilization of Sumer. You will read an excerpt from your Social Studies workbook entitled 'The Civilization of Sumer - Reading,' which has been placed in your Social Studies folders. You can also find a link here. You will also record key information from the selection, using the document 'Facts About Sumerian Society,' which has also been placed in your folders. The document can be found here as well. Read the selection in small groups or individually and record important questions and answers on the document as you go.  

Homework  Complete the 'Facts About Sumerian Society' assignment, which is due Friday, September 26

Friday, September 19, 2014

Mesopotamia with EdPuzzle


Getting Started with EdPuzzle  It's time to sign-up for an exciting online interactive video program:  EDpuzzle. Once you get there, click on "I'm a new student." Fill out the information in the box (but do not enter an Email). Make sure you select a username and password that you can remember (such as your district username and password). Next, you will be asked to "Add a class." Copy and paste your class code. 4th period students your code is epRoxy.  6th period your code is ep8vlN. Once enrolled, please wait for the rest of your classmates. 

EdPuzzle Video: "Mesopotamia: From Nomads to Farmers" 
Today you will be watching a video and answering a series of questions about Mesopotamia. The video will stop periodically and you'll be required to answer a question before being allowed to continue. To be successful, you must pay close attention to the content of the video. If you have your own headphones, please use them. Otherwise, you must listen to your video as quietly as possible.  You can watch the video and answer the questions at your own pace. If you don't finish in class today, please finish for homework outside of class. This assignment will count towards your assessment grade.  

Homework  Complete the Mesopotamia EdPUzzle activity. Deadline: Friday, September, 26

Thursday, September 18, 2014

Mesopotamia: The Fertile Crescent (Day 2)

Warm Up: Video  Let's get familiar with today's content by watching the brief video below.  



The Fertile Crescent: Main Idea and Details  Our central task as we read today about Mesopotamia's "Fertile Crescent" is to identify the main ideas and details of key paragraphs and passages from our text. To better understand how to identify main ideas, check our the graphic below.  
The supporting details, on the other hand, serve to support, strengthen, and elaborate upon the main idea.  

In your Social Studies folders, you will find the document 'The Fertile Crescent: Main Idea and Supporting Details.' You can also find a link to it here. With the members of your team, read each passage or paragraph and work to identify the main idea and supporting details. This assignment will not be due until next Friday, January 26.    

Homework Tomorrow is Friday! We have a couple assignments from the week that need to be completed and "turned in" tomorrow Friday, September 18, including: the 'Civilization Concept Map' and 'Fertile Crescent: Cognitive Content Dictionary'.






Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Mesopotamia: The Fertile Crescent


Introductory Video: Discover Mesopotamia with Bugs Bunny  Let Bugs Bunny take you on a one minute introductory tour of Mesopotamia, the world's very first civilization, in the video below.  


The Fertile Crescent: Vocabulary Study  Today we are going to be studying the key vocabulary related to the geography of Mesopotamia, also known as the 'The Fertile Crescent,' using the Cognitive Content Dictionary of the same name in your Social Studies folders. If need be, you can also find a link to the assignmenhere. We will be using an excerpt from our Social Studies textbook, which has been placed in your Social Studies folders (and which you can also find here), to help us understand the lesson's key words and concepts.

Homework  Complete your 'Fertile Crescent: Cognitive Content Dictionary'. Due: Friday, September 19.  

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

What is a Civilization?


Concept Map: Civilization  The world's first cities began as farming villages. As early cities grew in size and power, some of them gave rise to civilizations. But what exactly is a civilization? Considering that we are studying 'Ancient Civilizations' this year, understanding the answer to that question is essential. 

To help us make better sense of what a civilization is, we are going to make a 'Concept Map' today. You can find a document of the same name in your Social Studies folder, as well as a link to it here.  

Using the Concept Map (and the textbook excerpts below), we will first examine the characteristics or features of a civilization. Next, we will come up with a list of non-examples: examples that do not fit the criteria for a civilization. Then, we will decide on examples that do seem to embody our understanding of what a civilization is. Finally, we will decide on a definition for the concept  of civilization. Additionally, we will add images throughout our concept map to help us better understand the concept.      
    




Review Video  Now that we have a better sense of what a civilization is, let's review what makes a civilization a civilization by watching the short informative video below. How is your civilization concept map both similar and different to the information put forth in the video?   

Homework  Complete your Civilization 'Concept Map.' Due: Friday, September 19.  

Monday, September 15, 2014

Reviewing, Quizzing, and Examining Early Agricultural Tools


Warm Up: Quiz  We are going to have a quiz today about the following topics we've studied recently: human migration, surviving the Ice Age, and the development of farming. But before you do, we are going to watch excerpts of three short videos to help you review the content and important ideas.





Now that you've had an opportunity to review, it's time for the quiz, which you can find here. Most of the quiz is multiple choice, however there are two short response questions. For the short response questions, explain your ideas as completely as possible so I'm clear about what exactly you know and understand. If you finish early, you may silent read or take A.R. tests until the rest of your classmates are ready to move on.  

Life at the Time: Tilling the Soil  Students: How might you plant a garden without using any tools?  It would be pretty difficult, wouldn't it. Therefore, can you understand why even early on using tools for farming was so important?  

Let's read the introductory paragraph from the passage below. Now take a moment and carefully study the images and accompanying captions in order. 




Who probably made the tools show in the pictures? 

How might a toolmaker have been paid for the work? 

Look at how the toolmakers improved designs as time passed. Which sickle do you think would have been most efficient? 

Now imagine that you are farmer in the ancient Middle East and you have used one of the more advanced metal sickles for the first time. Discuss with the members of your group all the various benefits of using a metal sickle. In what what ways will it help you produce more food crops?   

Friday, September 12, 2014

Celebrating Mexican Independence Day


Warm Up: Sharing Our Prior Knowledge  Mexican Independence Day is fast approaching. What do you already know about Mexican Independence Day? When is celebrated? Why? How? Share your prior knowledge on your class's Padlet wall. If you don't think you know anything, ask a question. Period 4, your wall is here. Period 6, yours is here

Video: ¡Viva México!  Watch the video clip below of the president of Mexico reenacting the grito in the zócalo in Mexico City as part of the celebration of Mexican Independence Day and the commemoration of Padre Hidalgo’s Grito de Dolores from 1810.



Questions for discussionWhat names did you hear the president say in his speech? Have you heard of these individuals before? If so, why are they famous? How would you describe the crowd’s reaction? What U.S. holiday would you compare this to and why? 

Webquest: Mexican Independence Day  Learn more about the background and history of Mexican Independence Day by going on a Webquest today. You will use the 'Mexican Independence Day Webquest' document in your Social Studies folders to keep track of what you learn. (A link to the document can also be found here.) The webquest has four question; you will find the answers to these questions by visiting a series of websites. Get an overview of Mexican Independence Day here. Get background on its history and the important people involved here and here. Learn about the significance of the Mexican flag here. Finally, learn about how the holiday is celebrated and the food involved by visiting the link here.        

Thursday, September 11, 2014

The Costs and Benefits of Farming


Writing Warm Up  A cost is something that has a negative effect. A benefit, on the other hand, is something that has a good effect or is a positive. What do you think the costs (the negatives) and benefits (the positives) of farming are going to turn out to be? Share your ideas here.   

The Costs and Benefits of Farming: Reading and Note-Taking Activity  Today in small groups you are going to read an excerpt and study a diagram from your text regarding the costs and benefits of farming. As you read, you will take notes on the 'Costs and Benefits of Farming' using the document of the same name in your Social Studies folders. (A link to the document can also be found here.) The text passage and diagram are featured below (but can also be found on pg. 35 of your Social Studies textbook). Towards the end of the period, each member of your group must be prepared to share at least one farming cost and/or one benefit they learned during the course of their study with the class. The 'Cost and Benefits of Farming' assignment will be due tomorrow, Friday, September 12.  









































Video: The Agricultural Revolution  Let's watch as our friends at Crash Course hilariously explain the importance of the Agricultural Revolution.  



Homework  Tomorrow is Friday! We have several assignments from the week that need to be completed and "turned in" tomorrow Friday, September 12, including: Early Agriculture - Cognitive Content Dictionary, Early Agriculture - Cause and Effect, and The Costs and Benefits of Farming.   

Wednesday, September 10, 2014

How the Agricultural Revolution Changed the Way People Lived


Cause and Effect Mini-Lesson  Before you can begin to understand the relationship between events related to the Agricultural Revolution you may need to a refresher on the nature of 'Cause and Effect.' Cause is what makes something happens. Effect is what happens as a result. To see 'Cause and Effect' in action, check out the video below.  


Early Agriculture: Guided Reading and Cause and Effect Activity  Today we will read about how the Agricultural Revolution changed the way people lived. The 'Early Agriculture - Reading Selection' can be found in your Social Studies folder, as well as here. As we read, you will make note of the relationship between key events related to the birth of agriculture and early farming using the 'Early Agriculture - Cause and Effect' document in your Social Studies folder. You may also find a link to the document here

Homework  Complete the 'Early Agriculture - Cause and Effect' activity. Due: Friday, September 12.  

Tuesday, September 9, 2014

Early Agriculture (Day 2)


Early Agriculture: Vocabulary Study (Continued)  Let's complete our 'Early Agriculture -Cognitive Content Dictionary' assignment today. Remember, you can find it in your Social Studies folders. We will be continue using an excerpt from our Social Studies textbook (which you can find here) to help us understand the lesson's key words and concepts.  

Video Excerpt: "The Story of All of Us"  Let's continue to develop our understanding of human migration and early agriculture by watching an excerpt of the program "The Story of All of Us." Take notes on what you observe, learn, and what questions you may have, using the document 'The Story of All of Us - Video Notes,' which is in your Social Studies folders. You may also find a link to the document here.  



Homework  Complete your 'Early Agriculture - Cognitive Content Dictionary,' which is due Friday, September 12.  

Monday, September 8, 2014

Early Agriculture


Writing Warm Up  Why do you think many of our early human ancestors abandoned the hunter-gatherer lifestyle to become farmers? What advantages do you think farming might have over hunting and gathering? Share your ideas here.  

Early Agriculture: Vocabulary Study Today we are going to be studying the key vocabulary related to 'Early Agriculture' using the Cognitive Content Dictionary in your Social Studies folders. If need be, you can also find a link to the assignmenhere. We will be using an excerpt from our Social Studies textbook (which you can find here) to help us understand the lesson's key words and concepts.  

Friday, September 5, 2014

Identifying Main Ideas and Exploring Human Migration


Analysis Skill: Identify Main Ideas  Almost all written nonfiction text, including your history textbook, consists of main ideas. There may be one main idea or multiple ideas. Learning to identify the main idea or ideas of a passage will help you understand what you have read. Today we will read the passage below and work together to identify its main ideas. You can find the assignment 'Identify Main Ideas (Ice Age Hunter-Gatherers)' in your Social Studies folders, as well as a link to it here. (This assignment will be due Friday of next week.)

























Journey of Humankind: Interactive Map  Today we are going to go on a virtual global journey of modern humans over the last 160,000 years. This interactive map "will show for the first time the interaction between migration and climate over this period." Press "play" and watch your ancestors begin their migration out of Africa to the furthest reaches of the globe. Read their stories along the way. Observe the changes in climate that they are forced to confront. Make note of when and how your ancestors first set foot in the American. Enjoy! 

Thursday, September 4, 2014

Populating the Earth (Day 3)


Populating the Earth: Guided Reading  Today we are going to read the 'Populating the Earth' section from our Social Studies textbook's Interactive Reader. You can find a PDF of the selection here. After reading, you will begin to answer the questions from the document 'Populating the Earth - Questions' in your Social Studies folders. You can also find a link to the doc here. Please try to have the questions answered and the document completed by tomorrow.  

Homework  Tomorrow is Friday, which means we have several assignments due from the past week. Please make sure you have the following completed and "turned in" by tomorrow, Friday, September 5: Populating the Earth - Cognitive Content Dictionary, Populating the Earth - Questions, and the Early Humans Assessment Paragraphs.  

Wednesday, September 3, 2014

Populating the Earth (Day 2)


Populating the Earth: Vocabulary Study (Continued)  Today we are going to continue studying the key vocabulary related to early humans 'Populating the Earth' using the Cognitive Content Dictionary in your Social Studies folders. If need be, you can also find a link to the assignment here. We will be using an excerpt from our Social Studies textbook (which you can find here) to help us understand the lesson's key words and concepts.   

Video: The First Great Migration  The first great migration out of Africa and into other parts of the world was heavily influenced by climate. This segment explores the paths of migration into Asia and beyond.  

Homework  Complete the 'Populating the Earth - Cognitive Content Dictionary' assignment. Deadline: Friday, September 5.  

Tuesday, September 2, 2014

Populating the Earth


Warm Up: Early Human Assessment Paragraphs  Happy Tuesday! I'd like to offer you a little bit more time today to work on your 'Early Humans Assessment' paragraphs. I want these paragraphs to represent your best work and truly reflect what you have learned so far. With that said, I will also be extending the final due date for this assignment. New Deadline: Friday, September 5.   

Populating the Earth: Vocabulary Study  Today we are going to be studying the key vocabulary related to early humans 'Populating the Earth' using the Cognitive Content Dictionary in your Social Studies folders. If need be, you can also find a link to the assignment here. We will be using an excerpt from our Social Studies textbook (which you can find here) to help us understand the lesson's key words and concepts.   

Homework (1.) Complete 'Populating the Earth - Cognitive Content Dictionary'. (2.) Complete 'Early Human Assessment' paragraphs. Both assignments due this Friday, September 5.